A vaginal cyst aka Bartholin’s cyst or Bartholin’s duct cyst is a closed pocket or pouch of tissue which could be filled with fluid, air, pus or other semi-solid material. Cysts are normally found just inside the opening of the vagina.
Cyst in the vagina typically do not have any symptoms. But they can cause discomfort during sex or insertion of tampons. Vaginal cyst usually remain small and do not need treatment. However, different types of cyst may grow in size and cause pain, itching and infection.
There are a few types of vagina or Bartholin cyst. Their size can range from the size of a pea to an orange. The common types are:-
This is the most common type of vaginal cyst. This may form as a result of injury to the vaginal walls during the birth process, usually an episiotomy (a surgical cut used to enlarge the vagina during childbirth).
Vaginal inclusion cyst can also be a result of trauma sustained by the vagina walls following a gynecological surgery. This happens when the lining of the vagina does not heal to its normal smoothness.
This cyst develops in the space occupied by the Gartner’s duct, usually on the side walls of the vagina. The duct is active during the development of the baby which ordinarily disappears after the birth. However, in some cases, vestiges of the duct remains and it collects fluid and develop into a vaginal wall cyst later in life.
The Bartholin’s glands are located on each side of the vaginal opening and secrete fluid to lubricate the vagina. When the opening of either one of these glands is blocked, it causes a buildup of fluid resulting in the formation of a relatively painless lump.
When the fluid within a cyst gets infected, pus may form causing the tissues around it to be inflamed. At this stage, it may become very painful.
A small cyst may not be noticeable, but if it grows, most women might feel a soft painless lump near the labia (the 2 pairs of lips that surround the entrance to the vagina).
If it is a serious infection it can become a tender or painful lump which makes it uncomfortable when you walk, sit, have sex or inserting a tampon.
Treatment and prevention depends on the size of the cyst, the pain and whether it is infected. You may choose to ignore a vaginal cyst if it is not causing any discomfort. But it is important to go for your yearly pelvic examination so that your physician can monitor the cyst for growth and changes.
If it is interfering with your sex life, causing painful intercourse, cysts in the vagina can be removed surgically. If it is small enough, your physician can perform a simple surgery in his office with local anesthesia.
While surgery is the only option to treat vaginal cyst, you can prevent infection of the cyst by exercising good vaginal hygiene. This can be done by washing the genitalia with this mild feminine wash and sitting in a sitz bath (soaking the hips and buttock in a saline solution).
This Kacip Fatimah wash is soap free, gentle foaming feminine wash that combines the time-tested formula of manjakani and kacip fatimah. Two botanical extracts that are well-known for their natural antiseptic and astringent properties. It helps to prevent infections, refreshes, soothes and keeps the vagina protected and comfortable..
And switch to a pad instead of tampons during menstruation. This will reduce friction of the cyst and the accompanying pain that comes with it.Back to top